In June, the pytest developer community are gathering in Freiburg, Germany for a development sprint. This is being funded via an Indiegogo campaign, which needs your help to reach the goal! I am excited to say that I will be attending, which means that after over 5 years of using pytest, I’ll finally get to meet some of the core contributors.
I first learned about pytest when I joined Mozilla in late 2010. Much of the browser based automation at that time was either using Selenium IDE or Python’s unittest. There was a need to simplify much of the Python code, and to standardise across the various suites. One important requirement was the generation of JUnit XML reports (considered essential for reporting results in Jenkins) without compromising the ability to run tests in parallel. Initially we looked into nose, but there was an issue with this exact requirement. Fortunately, pytest didn’t have a problem with this – JUnit XML was supported in core and was compatible with the pytest-xdist plugin for running tests in parallel.
Ever since the decision to use pytest was made, I have not seen a compelling reason to switch away. I’ve worked on various projects, some with overly complex suites based on unittest, and I’ve always been grateful when I’ve been able to return to pytest. The active development of pytest has meant we’ve never had to worry about the project becoming unsupported. I’ve also always found the core contributors to be extremely friendly and helpful on IRC (#pylib on irc.freenode.net) whenever I need help. I’ve also more recently been following the pytest-dev mailing list.
I’ve recently written about the various plugins that we’ve released, which have allowed us to considerably reduce the amount of duplication between our various automation suites. This is even more critical as the Web QA team shifts some of the responsibility and ownership of some of their suites to the developers. This means we can continue to enhance the plugins and benefit all of the users at once, and our users are not limited to teams at Mozilla. The pytest user base is large, and that means our plugins are discovered and used by many. I always love hearing from users, especially when they submit their own enhancements to our plugins!
There are a few features I particularly like in pytest. Highest on the list is probably fixtures, which can really simplify setup and teardown, whilst keeping the codebase very clean. I also like being able to mark tests and use this to influence the collection of tests. One I find myself using a lot is a ‘smoke’ or ‘sanity’ marker, which collects a subset of the tests for when you can’t afford to run the entire suite.
During the sprint in June, I’d like to spend some time improving our plugins. In particular I hope to learn better ways to write tests for plugins. I’m not sure how much I’ll be able to help with the core pytest development, but I do have my own wishlist for improvements. This includes the following:
- treating XPassing tests as failures
- encoding parameterised ID lists
- showing non-pytest warnings in the console
- allow tests to be logged multiple times with pytest-xdist
- test item scheduling does not schedule N items to N workers
- when multiple configuration files are found, merge the contents
Maybe I’ll even be able to work on one of these, or any of the open issues on pytest with guidance from the experts in the room.